Islam is a monotheistic religion, meaning that it’s followers believe in only one creator God; the same God as worshiped by Jews and Christians. However, unlike Judaism and Christianity, Muslims do not believe God is a human-like deity, but rather an incomprehensible absolute, beyond human understanding.
Islam’s main religious text is the Qur’an, which is believe to be the literal word of God by the religion’s followers, Muslims. A belief within Islam is that the Qur’an is the final, perfected version of God’s word, as revealed by the prophet Muhammad. Previous versions are believed to have been incompletely revealed by other honored prophets of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus; all of whose works are treated with respect.
Like all major world religions, there are many subgroups within Islam. Generally speaking, Muslims believe that the purpose of life is to worship God, and that proper adherence to law will result in being judged favorably on Yawm al-Qiyāmah, or the Day of Resurrection.
Also of great importance to Muslims, are the Five Pillars of Islam. The Qur’an outlines these as: Shahadah, or belief in God; Salaat, or daily prayer; zakah, or religious alms-giving; observance of Ramadan fasting; and Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca. Of course, there are many other beliefs and tenants which vary by region and denomination; most notably Shari’ah.
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